CHAPTER II

PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES

2.1 INTRODUCTION

This chapter describes a range of alternative for the management of Pineview reservoir including facility improvements or construction. As a result of the public comment periods and analysis, portions of the initial proposed action have been modified, deleted from the proposal or new actions added.

2.2 ALTERNATIVES CONSIDERED BUT ELIMINATED

The project alternatives described below were considered but eliminated from further study.

Proposed Action (As described during Scoping): Some components of the original proposed action have been deleted from consideration while others have been modified and included with other actions. The initial proposed action was conceptual . The action alternatives provide more definition of the projects.

Creating a maximum speed of 25 m.p.h. (Wakeless) reservoir-wide : Regulation and enforcement of speed limits are the responsibility of the State of Utah through the state boating laws. Current boating laws on speed and proximity, coupled with proposed management changes outlined in this document should reduce the need for a reservoir-wide speed limit.

Personal Water Craft (PWC) zoning: Consideration of a personal water craft zoning has been eliminated from this proposal. Given the layout of the reservoir, it was not efficient to provide adequate services for launch, beach, rest areas, and water play area during low water just for PWC. Interaction with other boats is already enforceable through speed and proximity boating laws.

Elimination of Alcohol use at all Developed Recreation Facilities: Restriction of alcohol use at the swim beaches and campgrounds would be an enforcement challenge. Existing motor vehicle operation and public intoxication laws are in place to minimize the abuse of alcohol.

Decrease the level of exclusive uses by removing the Ogden Pineview Yacht Club: This includes the concessionaire wet boat storage docks. Even though these docks are used by a relatively small number of vessels yet take up valuable surface acres, they have historically been a legitimate permitted use of the reservoir. The infrastructure has been in place for decades in the case of the Yacht Club and would be costly and difficult to remove. These docks are the only feasible way for larger boats to use the reservoir.

2.3 DESCRIPTION OF THE ALTERNATIVES

2.3.1 - Proposals Common to all action Alternatives

The following activities and actions are common to all the action alternatives, including the Proposed Action. Some actions were determined to be under the category of routine management and maintenance of National Forest Lands or facilities. Many of the actions require coordination and cooperation with other local and State agencies, depending who has jurisdiction and authority for taking the action.

1. Roadside Parking: Coordinate with Weber County and Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) to address roadside parking along State Highways 162 and 166.

Most existing "pull-offs" are located within the road Right-Of-Way. Coordination with UDOT or Weber County is critical. We will make recommendations on maintenance (including snow-plowing), location, erosion control, signing, and designating/restricting areas for parking.

2. Routine Maintenance & Repair: Continue routine maintenance and repair of existing facilities.

Actions include fence repair, boundary line survey and posting, facility maintenance (painting & repairs), road re-surfacing, signing, spot control of weeds and bank stabilization or repair. We are required to keep these facilities in a safe and usable condition. Much of this work is accomplished by the permitted Campground Concessionaire with the fees collected from the recreation developments.

3. Huntsville Access & Parking: Coordinate and cooperate with Town of Huntsville to identify Reservoir & trail access points and designated parking areas within the town limits, outside the National Forest Boundary.

Coordinate and make recommendations on maintenance, location, highly visible signing, and designating/restricting areas for parking. Coordinate with UDOT and the town to install signing off State Highway 39, to inform visitors when recreation facilities (parking lots) are FULL.

4. Jefferson Hunt Campground: Minor improvements to limit damage from flooding and improve infrastructure.

Re-surface the road system to repair past water damage and install culverts for drainage. Rebuild the small dike along the back of the campground and construct flood drains to allow water to flow back to channel. Riprap the stream in some areas to reduce stream bank cutting. Install a waterline from the existing system to tie into the Town of Huntsville waterline. Keep the old well as back-up. Rehabilitate or remove the old toilet.

5. Fence and Boundary Management: Develop and implement a Boundary Management Plan and strategy to protect the integrity of the public resources and private property.

Prioritize areas for land line survey and posting and resolve existing encroachment and trespass cases. Work closely with adjacent private landowners to minimize potential for future encroachments. Coordinate with Weber County and Huntsville Planning Departments to address issues related to development occurring adjacent to National Forest System Lands around the Reservoir. Request that developers survey and post the boundaries, prior to initiating any ground disturbing activities. Requests to locate private improvements (docks, decks, stairs, fences, gardens, etc.) on National Forest System Lands around the Reservoir will be not be authorized.

6. Law Enforcement Coordination: Continue the Cooperative Law Enforcement Agreement with Weber County.

Work with the County to create the necessary statutes to mimic Forest Service resource protection regulations to assist in enforcement. Investigate means to expand payments to Weber County and State Parks from Forest Service appropriated funds, User Fees, and/or require the Campground Concessionaire to make payment directly to the County, based on a percentage of the fees collected at National Forest System recreation developments at Pineview. Develop a cooperative agreement with Weber County to allow the County to utilize the Forest Service power boat for law enforcement and emergency service needs and increased presence on the Reservoir and shoreline.

7. Surface Water Management: Clarify roles and responsibilities for surface water management with Utah Division of Parks & Recreation.

Develop a Buoy Management Plan in cooperation with the State, addressing roles and responsibilities for buoy installation, maintenance, and replacement. Coordinate and make recommendations to the State on proposed changes to surface water management, including non-motorized and wakeless zoning, speed limits, personal water craft zoning and use, boat camping, and total boat capacity. New warning buoys will be used in known congested areas like the tip of Cemetery Point to slow boat speeds. The existing line of buoys at Bluff Swim Beach will be extended to the west to include the tip of Cemetery Point as wakeless.

8. Shooting Restrictions: Increase awareness, understanding, regulatory signing and enforcement of existing shooting restrictions (discharging of firearms) within proximity of recreation developments, roads, and residential development.

Coordinate with Weber County and Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.

9. Concessionaire Operation and Special Use Authorization: Continue to operate the developed recreation facilities at Pineview Reservoir with a Concessionaire.

Existing Special Use Authorization expires 12/31/98. A new permit will be issued, through a competitive process in response to a prospectus. The term of the permit will be determined by the services provided and the level of private capital improvement to Forest Service facilities that may be offered. Two permits will be issued. One for use of government property such as the campgrounds and another for occupancy of privately owned facilities on Federal land like the Cafe at Bluffs Marina. Both these permits will have the same termination dates. Generally, the permits are issued for five years with an additional five years based on performance but a longer term may be used.

10. Ogden Pineview Yacht Club: Continue administration of the Special Use Authorization for the Ogden Pineview Yacht Club.

The current authorization expires on December 31, 2000. A separate analysis and decision will be done at that time to determine if a new authorization will be issued. Improve administration and monitoring of number of boats on the reservoir at one time, based on the allocation of boat capacity.

11. Marina Design: Design and construct marina facilities (parking lots, boat ramps, dock configuration, wet & dry storage) to accommodate a maximum water craft size of 32' in length.

Discourage the use of water craft that exceed this design criteria. Marina operations and new facilities will use this design guide. Provide this information in brochures and on signing. Continue to coordinate with the State on issues that are affected by boat size on the Reservoir.

12. Shoreline Use Restrictions: Retain the existing Policies and Federal Regulations prohibiting camping and campfires except within developed areas; and, possessing glass containers on National Forest System Lands around Pineview Reservoir.

Improve awareness, understanding, and enforcement of these regulation through improved signing at access points and visitor contacts. Overnight camping in boats anchored or attached to the shore will only be allowed at Anderson Cove Campground shoreline. No dispersed camping will be allowed around Pineview Reservoir shoreline including at trailheads, swim beaches, and marinas. Camping in boats anchored away from the shoreline may be allowed only if the boat is in a location that doesn't create a traffic hazard and the boat running lights are operating or in a marina.

13. Travel Plan: Retain the existing Travel Plan restrictions, prohibiting wheel to ground ATV use, wheeled motorized use off designated routes (existing roads), year-round, on National Forest System Lands around Pineview Reservoir.

Improve awareness, understanding, and enforcement of these regulation through improved signing at access points and visitor contacts.

14. Accessible Beach Access: Construct hardened access paths from existing parking lots to the waters edge at all existing, developed beach access areas (Anderson Cove, Bluffs, Middle Inlet, and Pineview Trailhead/Windy Point).

Incorporate the concepts of universal access into the design of the access paths. Users may require some assistance.

15. Restrict Access from Private Land: The Forest Service will not authorize construction of any improvements on National Forest lands to provide a private access to the waters edge.

Private facilities such as docks, steps, fire rings, extended boat anchoring, tables or benches, or constructed trail systems will not be authorized. Where facilities are found, action to direct removal of the structures by the responsible people will be initiated by the Forest Service.

2.3.2 - Alternative 1: The No Action Alternative

CEQ regulations require that agencies consider the No Action (status quo) Alternative in making decisions that affect the environment. This alterative establishes the benchmark against which the potential impacts of action alternatives should be compared. It is also a viable option for the decision maker.

The No Action Alternative in this EA assumes continued improvements to the existing recreation facilities around Pineview to renovate those sites to be in compliance with existing laws and regulations (Americans with Disabilities Act, Forest Service Drinking Water Program, etc.) as well as to decrease the maintenance and operation costs. The existing management policies will remain with the possibility of new regulations being developed as needed to protect public safety and the environment.

Finally, the No Action Alternative would assume that the general pattern of rapid residential growth and development will continue to occur in the Ogden Valley and Wasatch Front.

A. Management of Pineview

1. Boat Capacity: Retain the current number of motorized vessels at one time on the surface of the reservoir adjusted as the water level drops.

In 1992, an EA was written by the District to set the capacity of boats at one time on the reservoir surface. This level was based on extensive experience by Utah State Parks and the District Personnel. Limits based on historic use was a primary factor.

Water

Level

Boats

Yacht

Club

Surface

Acres

4900

400

30

2,874

4890

400

30

2,538

4880

350

25

2,092

4870

300

20

1,710

4860

250

15

1,329

4850

200

15

970

2. Surface Zones: No new wakeless speed areas around Middle Inlet Swim Beach and Anderson Cove Campground.

The 1992 EA set boat restriction zones on the reservoir. The areas around Middle Inlet and Anderson Cove are relatively small in relation to the areas used by the public at those sites. Quist Beach doesn't have any zoned waters.

3. Undeveloped Natural Areas: Current designation of portions of the shoreline.

No special designation of shoreline exists. The closest version is the North Arm "no motorized boats" zone which is intended to protect wildlife in that area. Other policies and regulations exist that would protect some specific areas such as the wetlands and riparian areas along streams or rivers entering the reservoir.

B. Facility Improvements

1. Anderson Cove Day-use: Current parking and beach access.

Loop E in Anderson Cove Campground is designated as the day-use and overflow area. It is a dirt parking lot with one older toilet and no picnic facilities. The site plan done in 1993 specifies this loop be improved as the day-use area.

2. Bluff Marina Parking: Marina parking , toilet, and convenience docks.

The small main parking lot is paved which was extended in 1997. The larger lot is gravel. The toilet is located in the larger lot and is an older design and will need to be replaced or substantially improved. The concessionaire has a snack bar here. The boat dock is small and basic for use by the Marina and the snack bar.

3. Bluff Marina Cove: Current use of the bay next to Bluff Marina.

This small bay is about 13' deep and thick with willows along the edge. It is separated from the main water after 10' drop in overall water level. A section of old dock was moved into the bay for storage and has become a somewhat popular fishing access.

4. Non-motorized Boat and Fishing Access: Non-motorized boat launch, general fishing access, and physically challenged fishing access at locations around the reservoir.

Non-motorized boats launched by hand are now being carried from Brogonje Point, Quist Beach and Pineview Trailhead. Some is done adjacent to Anderson Cove B. Fishing access points tend to be simple dirt or gravel parking with a narrow steep trail to the water. No fully accessible fishing facilities exist.

5. Port Ramp Marina: Port Ramp entry road and overflow lot.

The entry road is a two-lane paved road from the County highway, past the entry station, to a staging area where boats can be prepared for launching. Boats then need to share this same staging area to prepare the boats for highway travel. The overflow lot is a large gravel surface. The paved main lot was resurfaced in 1995 and is in good condition.

6. Windy Point Day-use: Shore access and parking at Windy Point.

Windy Point has no existing developments. A roadway was built in the 1980's and surfaced with recycled asphalt (rotomill). This was done by the Navy Seabees as a volunteer project. A conceptual design was drafted by the Forest Landscape Architect for a day-use wind surfing facility. Shore access by the public is from the Pineview Trailhead. People walk through the weeds to use the point. This area has become the favorite wind surfing launch site. A pea gravel bed was built next to the paved parking to assemble the sail and board on.

C. Trails

1. Pineview Trail: Current trails around the shoreline of Pineview.

There is a footpath around a large portion of the reservoir created by fishermen and local kids accessing the water. None of this path was designed and built by the Forest Service. This path is fairly wide and well used in a few areas around Huntsville and the existing developed facilities. Other places the trail is very narrow and has very steep sections where fishermen have dropped off the bank to the water or climbed and created multiple parallel trails.

The plan for a trail has been in the works for a long time and was included in the recent public involvement discussions for the Ogden Valley Master Development plans by Weber County.

D. Vegetation Management

1 Wildlife Habitat Improvements: Projects to improve wildlife habitat.

Most of the past habitat improvements have been done in the North Arm of the reservoir. There are a number of nesting platforms for geese in the shallow shoreline. Burning in the North Arm Wildlife Viewing area was done to promote plant species for better wildlife habitat.

2. Noxious Weeds: Projects to control the spread of noxious weeds.

Areas of the shoreline in the North Arm of the reservoir have used controlled fire to reduce the amount of weeds identified as noxious by State and County Weed Programs. Fields near Anderson Cove, Pineview Trailhead, and Cemetery Point have had spot treatment with chemicals to reduce weeds. A rust that lives on Dyers Woad was released west of Anderson Cove and other locations to naturally reduce the weed. Insects were released that also targeted leafy spurge, a species of noxious weeds.

2.3.3 Alternative 2: The Modified Proposed Action Alternative

This alternative with its various project proposals was developed to provide a moderate level of facility improvements while maintaining the rural character and protect resource values. The proposed projects were modified from their original form to address concerns and comments during public Scoping and the open houses in Ogden and Huntsville.

A. Management of Pineview

1. Boat Capacity: Reduce the number of motorized vessels at one time on the surface of the reservoir adjusted as the water level drops.

This alternative is a result of discussion and review of all existing data by the District staff. It is based on computer aided mapping of the reservoir at the different water levels. It factors in responses to questions about the existing situation and the other alternatives, in particular how the number of boats at 4900 to 4880 should change when much of the water surface less than five feet is dangerous for many water sports. It also responds to comments during Scoping by citizens to make sure the Yacht Club also was decreased proportionally but retain a presence on the reservoir.

Water

Level

Boats

Yacht

Club

Surface

Acres

4900

350

25

2,874

4890

325

25

2,538

4880

300

20

2,092

4870

250

15

1,710

4860

200

10

1,329

4850

150

10

970

2. Surface Zones: Extend the wakeless and no motorized areas at select locations.

This alternative is based on a greater need to protect shorelines from boating than just swimming areas. It is on recommendations from the local citizens for wildlife protection and Division of Wildlife Resources to also provide quality fishing experience. It is a part of the planning effort to designate sections of the shoreline as levels of development scale.

A) Middle Inlet Beach would have a wakeless speed area along the south shore of the facility 150' from shore. A "no boat" zone area would be in the small bay east of the facility. The beaches will be maintained to keep them clear of vegetation.

B) Quist Beach would have a wakeless area along the shoreline to protect the swimmers at the facility. This strip will be 150' wide from shore to buoys.

C) Anderson Cove would have a wakeless area along the entire shoreline adjacent to the facility, including the Anderson expansion site to reduce conflicts between boaters and swimmers. The existing "no boat" zone in the small bay will be removed.

D) Zone a small "no motorized boat" area at the mouth of the Middle Fork of the Ogden River as it enters Pineview and Geertsen Bay to protect wildlife habitat.

E) Zone the northern edge of Geertsen Bay next to SR 166 to improve wildlife habitat and shoreline protection.

F) Zone part of Spring Creek Cove just north of Huntsville as "Wakeless Speed" to provide quality fishing experience, protect habitat and minimize impacts on other non-motorized recreation uses.

The other established zones will remain the same on the reservoir.

3. Anderson Cove Expansion: Expand the scope of the existing Campground/ Marina/ Swim Beach Concession Permit to include construction of a day-use expansion of Anderson Cove Campground.

Expand the scope of the concession permit for Pineview and South Fork Canyon recreation facilities to include an expansion of Anderson Cove Campground but define the limits of development as those necessary for primarily day-use operations.

This alternative comes from comments from Scoping and discussions from residents of Huntsville who suggest that a swim beach and boat launch at this location would reduce traffic in and out of Huntsville. The expansion will be primarily a day-use facility with beach access, picnic tables, a boat launch and parking, group sites (picnic and overnight use), and select other services and products consistent with day-use as proposed by the concessionaire. Designs will retain existing native vegetation where possible rather than converting the entire area to lawn. Developments will be clustered to maintain open areas. Single family overnight camping will be emphasized in the existing Anderson Cove Campground. The developments would be paid for with private investment by the permittee or their partners. Use of this ramp will be encouraged.

The cost of most of the expansion will be funded by the selected concessionaire permittee. The tenure of the permit will be based on the amount of private investment in order to amortize the investment.

4. Undeveloped Natural Areas: Designate portions of the shoreline as undeveloped Natural Areas.

Determine a range of protective designations on sections of shoreline. This designation will guide management actions. The designation will be based on existing condition, future development plans, size of the National Forest land between the shore and private land, and common natural resource values. This range will go from maximum protection from development of any type by the Forest Service to a minimum protection level where an existing recreation facility warrants management actions which may include additional facilities. Criteria will be based on strategic planning and current situations. The entire shoreline will be given a designation.

The miles of shoreline designated as developed will be 6.98 miles. Transition between developed and undeveloped will occupy 5.77 miles of shoreline. Undeveloped will be 15.58 miles of the 28.33 total miles of shoreline.

B. Facility Improvements

1. Anderson Cove Campground: Concentrate overnight use at Anderson Cove Campground and build a boat launch ramp and parking.

Convert the overflow parking lot into a boat launch parking lot with a some additional single and double family site units. The gravel parking will be used for boat trailer parking. A ramp will be built for boat launch from the gravel parking lot. A new toilet will be incorporated into the design. Cold water showers may be built but will not be a priority for construction. The new facilities will be fully accessible. Drinking water and electricity hookups may be built into some of the new campsites. Improvements to the beach will include grading and shaping the sand and improving the transition from the lawn to the shore.

2. Bluff Marina Parking: Minor changes to Bluff Marina parking lot, toilet, and courtesy docks.

Continue as a boat marina until new facilities at Anderson Cove expansion are complete and operating. Evaluate the future need for this site as a marina at that time. Replace the toilet in a new location that will allow use by fishermen in the adjacent shoreline. Upgrade the boat docks to a higher standard which will make them safer, easier to use by the public and simple to maintain. Pave the parking lot next to the entry station for designated accessible parking by people fishing in the small bay. Build three picnic table sites for day-use beach access between the marina and the beach. These will be open to the general public. Reconfigure the parking at Bluff Picnic area to reduce conflicts with vehicles and the beach. Maintain the current parking capacity at the picnic area.

3. Bluff Marina Cove: Develop the bay next to Bluff Marina for use as a Physically Challenged Fishing Access.

Designate a portion of the bay for use as a managed accessible fishing site. This ties to the proposal to improve Bluff Marina (see Facility Improvements B-2). Use the existing parking lot by allocating a small portion near the existing entry station for Handicap parking. This will also require a new toilet designed for access and relocated for use by the Marina, concession stand, and the fishing. Excavate a small portion of the bay to allow water to easier flow into the bay and at lower water levels. Install a system of fishing docks to provide access to the center of the bay to improve fishing.

The entry road into Cemetery Point will either be changed to combine the marina and beach fee stations into one located on the main road or construct a new roadway through the existing marina parking lot to the adjacent swim beach to separate recreation and Huntsville Cemetery traffic. Unrestricted access to the Huntsville Cemetery will be maintained.

4. Parking around the Reservoir: Improve parking surface and signs at overlooks, fishing access, and general use.

Improve the parking surface at the Pineview Overlook and build a high quality observation point. This will include bulletin boards for information, regulation and interpretation information. It will be fully accessible and use international symbols where possible. Safe entry and exit to and from this site will be the highest priority coordination with UDOT. A Park and Ride parking lot will not be designated as a part of this alternative. Since the existing gravel pull-off is very large, only the edge nearest the reservoir and outside of the highway right-of-way will be improved. Minor improvements to roadside parking areas along State Roads 166, 162, and 39 surrounding the reservoir. This also includes selected access points within the town of Huntsville. Improvements will consist of designation signing and information bulletin board using high quality signing with universal symbols and improved entry and exit to improve safety. Trails to the shoreline from each parking area will be improved for safety and to protect the soils from erosion.

5. Non-motorized Boat and Fishing Access: Non-motorized boat launch improvements and general fishing access improvements at selected locations around the reservoir.

Improve existing undeveloped access sites around the reservoir to provide safe entry and exit to and from the highways and reduce erosion. The emphasis will be on user safety and resource protection between the parking lot and shoreline. Design and build a better trail to the water, where necessary, to improve safety and limit the potential for erosion. Close trails that drop straight down the bank and cause erosion. Some may require a set of stairs, handrails, and retaining walls. At all improved sites, install a two panel bulletin board for regulation and safety messages. Parking areas will be gravel road base. All improved sites will be included in the security patrol route for Forest Service and Weber County Deputies and cleanup routes for Forest or Concessionaire employees.

A) Brogonje Point would have a ten car gravel parking area and a hardened path to the water using the old roadway. Fishing and non-motorized boat launching (canoe) would be the emphasized use.

B) Browning Point (end of the road parking at 5900 East) would have a small area for parking ten cars that will allow snowplow turn around during the winter. This will be paved at a future date. This will provide for ice fishing parking and will decrease the conflict with access to the Ogden City Water Pumps.

C) Quist Beach (just south of Middle Inlet Swim Area) access would be improved for launching, fishing and swimming. One gravel parking area would be designated for ten cars. Coordinate with Weber County to restrict parking along the State Highway except in that parking area. Improve the signing and existing toilet.

D) Geertsen Bay east side off of Highway 166 would have the old toilet building removed and this site will remain as undeveloped.

E) Spring Creek would have a new small designated fifteen car gravel parking area for fishing access. The parking would use the abandoned roadway and part of the adjacent field. Coordinate with Weber County to improve the entry and exit to and from the parking area and other parking on the highway would be restricted.

F) The Bureau of Reclamation parking for twenty cars on the west shore will be re-graveled. The toilet will be replaced or rebuilt with a accessible design. New signs identifying the parking will be installed near the highway.

6. Port Ramp Marina: Build areas for boat preparation (in and out) and other improvements to the marina.

Develop areas on both sides of the entry road where boat trailers can pull off to prepare their boats for launching or highway travel. Pave and stripe the pull offs. Widen the road within the width of the easement through private land. New signs, pavement striping, gates and repositioning of the entry fee station are included. Improve the entryway at the highway for safer entry and exit. Coordinate with UDOT to improve this driveway. Improve physically challenged access to the boat docks and water edge with an updated courtesy dock. Resurface the gravel overflow lot where needed to maintain a level parking.

7. Windy Point Day-use: Combine improved shoreline access to Windy Point and Pineview Trailhead into the existing parking area.

Expand the existing Pineview Trailhead parking and entrance road to accommodate an additional ten vehicles. Build a high standard access trail to Windy Point, as a part of the trail system around Pineview. Build one or two benches on Windy Point along the new trail. Rehabilitate and close other low standard user created trails. Install three picnic tables on fully accessible pads adjacent to the parking lot expansion. Modify the existing toilet to improve accessibility and operation. Upgrade the existing signing to include bulletin boards for information, regulation and interpretation information. Configure the entryway and parking barriers to limit vehicle travel and allow closing after 10 P.M. Manage the use of this site as a free, low standard beach access for day-use only and as trailhead parking for the Skyline Trail.

C. Trails

1. Pineview Trail: Design and build portions of a trail around the shoreline of Pineview.

Build a trail on sections of the shoreline around Pineview. The type of trail will range from a compacted gravel surface with 3-8 foot tread and a 0-5% slope for a high level of service standard to a natural (dirt) surface with a 18-36 inch tread and a 0-30% slope.

The standard of trail sections will be based on criteria of: location in relation to designated developed or undeveloped areas, current public use (demand), topography, terrain, vegetation class (wetland, trees, grass), width of National Forest land, and proximity to roads, towns, homes.

Where the trail will not fit the criteria, typically because of terrain (steep shoreline bank) or width of National Forest, the trail may be located to the State or County Highways with their approval and cooperation. An example of this is crossing Geertsen Bay or the Middle Fork of the Ogden River where the highway is the only crossing. The trail location will avoid wetlands, wet meadows and riparian areas. Foot bridges will be used if necessary to cross these areas. The long range goal will be to have a trail around most of the reservoir.

Proposed areas for a higher level of service standard (compacted gravel surface, 3-8 foot tread, 0-5% slope) are:

A) Bureau of Reclamation Parking to Pineview Trail head along the west shore where multiple use by horse, bike, and foot travel is expected because of easy access points and the day-use from Port Ramp and Pineview Trailhead and Windy Point.

B) Anderson Cove Campground to the south end of 7450 East in Huntsville using the old road past Jefferson Hunt Campground and then into Anderson Cove Campground. At the campground, this trail is expected to have a very high level of walking for pleasure. The design will be for foot and bike travel.

Proposed areas for a lower level of service standard (natural (dirt) surface, 18-36 inch tread, 0-30% slope) are:

A) Anderson Cove Campground to the dam along the south shore. This section will host mostly fishing and local residential use. It will tie the Wheeler Creek trail system to the Pineview facilities.

B) North Arm of Pineview along the shore of Browning Point from the Bureau of Reclamation Parking, past North Arm Trail head to where Highway 166 crosses Geertsen Bay. This trail will access sections of the reservoir shoreline with the least amount of human development and provide a nice rural setting. The first priority will be from the end of 5900 East to Geertsen bay. It may be necessary to use county road 5900 East between North Arm Trailhead or Brogonje Point. A small five car gravel parking will be built next to the highway where the trail will intersect road. A bridge may be needed to cross one major side drainage.

C) Spring Creek fisherman parking to Middle Inlet and Quist Beaches connecting the parking areas and toilet access together.

Sections of the trail, where the grade, vegetation, existing access, and planned development level allow, will be built with motorized equipment such as small dozers, farm tractors or a small track hoe. The trail sections where heavy equipment will not be used will be built using typical work crews consisting of Forest Service employees, volunteers from the local community, at-risk youth crews, and contract trail construction crews.

On the trail, it will be necessary to establish a standard of administration and security patrols to ensure the recreation quality.

D. Vegetation Management

1. Wildlife Habitat Improvements: Projects to improve wildlife habitat.

Approximately 80 acres per year at select spots around Pineview will be treated with prescribed fire or mechanical treatments (mow or cut). Most of the past habitat improvements have been done in the North Arm of the reservoir. More nesting platforms for geese in the shallow shoreline areas will be built. The natural vegetation of select shoreline sections, with an emphasis on wildlife habitat improvements, will be enhanced in various ways such as planting cottonwood and willows. Additional habitat for waterfowl and fish, through constructed ponds (pot holes), fish habitat structures, or natural vegetation plantings, will be created.

2. Noxious Weeds: Projects to control the spread of noxious weeds.

Areas of the shoreline with an unacceptable composition of over 15% of the plants identified as noxious weeds will be treated with fire, chemicals, planting, biological or mechanical techniques to encourage native plant growth. Some seeding will be done to ensure the final composition of plant species meets our planned desire. These treatments will be a part of the approximately 80 acres per year listed in wildlife habitat improvements Fields near Anderson Cove, Pineview Trailhead, and Cemetery Point will have spot treatment with chemicals to eliminate weeds. Rusts and insects will continue to be used as natural methods to reduce weeds.

2.3.4 Alternative 3: Emphasis on Increased Recreation Development

This alternative was developed to provide increased facility developments to meet the growing recreation demand for Pineview.

A. Management of Pineview

1. Boat Capacity: Keep the number of motorized vessels at one time on the surface of the reservoir adjusted as the water level drops at the existing level.

This alternative is based on using the capacity determined by the 1984 Forest Plan and the 1992 revision of the carrying capacity of Pineview which set the existing number of boats at one time. This is the same amount as in Alternative 1, the No Action alternative. This existing level is the highest amounts of boats at one time proposed during this analysis.

Water

Level

Boats

Yacht

Club

Surface

Acres

4900

400

30

2,874

4890

400

30

2,538

4880

350

25

2,092

4870

300

20

1,710

4860

250

15

1,329

4850

200

15

970

2. Surface Zones: Extend the "wakeless" area and remove the "no boat" areas around Middle Inlet Swim Beach, Quist Beach, and Anderson Cove Campground to make the beaches less restrictive for access but remain as safer swimming areas.

This alternative is based on allowing the greatest amount of users and types of use at each swim beach. By limiting the amount of "no boat" area at the beach, more boaters will access the swim beaches with their vessels. Beach users tend to associate with the boats and personal water craft now. Many times, a group with access to water vessels will congregate at the public beach with one or two of the group out on the water sport vessel at one time. Zoning the beaches as wakeless speed will reduce the chance of a swimmer/boat accident.

A) Middle Inlet Beach would have a wakeless speed area along the south shore of the facility. The "no boat" zone in the small bay east of the facility would be removed and converted to a wakeless speed zone. The small bay will require removal of willows to open more sand beach for use. This clearing will begin at the entry station and continue to the lawn. Cottonwood trees will be pruned and small saplings may be cut but no large trees will be removed unless unsafe (rotten inside).

B) Quist Beach would not have a wakeless area established as in Alternative 1.

C) Anderson Cove Campground would have a wakeless area along the entire shoreline adjacent to the facility, including the Anderson B site.

The other established zones will remain the same on the reservoir.

3. Shoreline Policies and Regulations: Change the policy on boat camping, dispersed camping, fires, glass, firearms, and ATV use.

Designate boat camping on the shorelines of the developed recreation sites such as the swim beaches and marinas. Overnight use, not including campfires, would be permitted. These areas have been selected based on access from the shore for law enforcement, quality of the beach, proximity to homes, and other shoreline resource protection.

This alternative is based on a solution to allow increased uses of the shoreline while limiting the amount of human-caused impacts to designated locations. New regulations and laws at the reservoir to cover the additional impacts identified for this alternative may be needed immediately.

4. Concession Permit and Anderson Cove Expansion: Expand the scope of the existing Campground/Marina/Swim Beach Concession Permit to include construction of an expansion of Anderson Cove Campground.

Expand the scope of the concession permit for Pineview and South Fork Canyon recreation facilities to include a new expansion of Anderson Cove Campground.

This alternative comes from the original proposal to build a new facility as an extension to Anderson Cove Campground with a higher standard of facilities than presently exist to create new recreation opportunities. This campground extension would be paid for with private investment by the permittee or their partners. The development would be limited to the area known as Anderson B.

The selected permittee will be given flexibility to plan and develop the final site plan. The proponent will propose the types, levels of service, and layout of the site plan including boat docks. It will be based on the business desires of the proponent who will have some freedom to design the facility to generate the greatest amount of revenue on a sustained basis. The Forest Service will set criteria for planning to: limit the area of development; limit the additional capacity to no more than an additional 600 people at one time; approve the fees for services; and approve the level of quality to ensure the facility serves the greatest public range of income and camping abilities.

It is likely that the permittee will propose a sixty to eighty unit campground with full or partial hookups for individual or small groups (extended families), large day-use and camping group sites, and a boat launch facility however, since the reservoir already has boat launches, there may be nothing more than a small dock system and concession sales.

5. Undeveloped Natural Areas: Designate portions of the shoreline as undeveloped Natural Areas with more shoreline designated as developed or transition.

A range of protective designations based on existing condition, future construction plans, size of the National Forest land between the shore and private land, and common natural resource values will be identified. This range will go from maximum protection from development of any type by the Forest Service to a minimum protection level where an existing recreation facility warrants management actions which may include additional facilities. Criteria will be also be based on strategic planning and current situations.

The entire shoreline will be given a designation but will display a trend toward developed or transition zones rather than undeveloped natural areas. The miles of shoreline designated as developed will be 7.18. The miles of shoreline designated as the transition between developed and undeveloped will be 5.87. Undeveloped shoreline will be 15.28 miles of the 28.33 total miles of shoreline.

B. Facility Improvements

1. Anderson Cove Day-use: Anderson Cove Day-use parking and beach

Convert the overflow area into camp units with a day-use beach access portion. This will allow more use of this part of the campground over a longer portion of the season. Construct five or six new camp sites along the west side of the existing overflow. Build a paved row of parking along the east side for day-use. This will be a thirty-car capacity lot. The beach, waterlines, secondary water systems, and toilet will all need to be upgraded or replaced.

2. Bluff Marina Parking: Improve Bluff Marina parking lot, replace the toilet, and improve the convenience docks.

Pave the entire parking area and stripe for maximum parking capacity for 110 vehicles. Replace the toilet in a new location to allow for unrestricted parking. Upgrade and enlarge the boat docks to a higher standard which will make them safer, easier to use by the public and simple to maintain. Designate a strip along the west side of the parking lot for use by a new group picnic site and swim beach access. Reconfigure the entry road with a single entry station and remove the beach and marina stations.

3. Bluff Marina Cove: Modify the bay next to Bluff Marina for use as long-term wet storage of boats.

Excavate the bay an additional 10', including the entrance, so that it will have consistent water. Push the sand to the east shore for future salvage for other uses such as road base. Remove some of the existing willows along the shoreline where they conflict with the system of docks and travel ways. Install a system of docks moved from Port Ramp Wet Storage (concession owned and operated) and build high standard access to the docks. This will include power. Use existing marina parking for wet storage parking.

This proposal will reduce the amount of "slow wakeless" zone at Port Ramp to be reduced allowing more open water on the reservoir surface.

4. Parking around the Reservoir: Improve parking surface and signs at selected locations around Pineview for use as overlooks, year-round fishing access, and general use.

Improve existing highway side parking spots with better gravel but pave the Pineview Overlook on the south shore. The intent is to provide several car parking areas off the paved highway where people may access the shoreline. If necessary, redefine the parking with barriers, signs, and gravel. At most sites, include bulletin boards for information, regulation and interpretation information. Increase administration and the level of services for trash and law enforcement at these locations, especially those adjacent to the town of Huntsville. This may include gates that close at night or other means to limit overnight or late night parking. Overlooks will be the highest priority and of the highest standard of development.

5. Non-motorized Boat and Fishing Access: Non-motorized boat launch improvements and general fishing access improvements at selected locations around the reservoir.

The intent is to convert existing undeveloped access sites around the reservoir to hardened, developed facilities to control human impacts to the reservoir.

A) Brogonje Point will have a designated gravel parking area for ten cars and an improved hardened path to the water using the old roadway. Fishing and non-motorized boat launching (canoe) will be emphasized. Install a gate system to close the area after 10 PM and a unisex one room toilet.

B) Browning Point at the end of the road parking at 5900 East, will have a paved ten car parking lot built. This parking will allow snowplow turn around during the winter for ice fishing parking and will decrease the conflict with access to the Ogden City Water Pumps. Install a gate system to close the area after 10 PM. Install a unisex one room toilet.

C) Quist Beach will have an improved gravel parking lot and access for launching, fishing and swimming. Designate a ten car parking area and harden with gravel. Restrict parking along the State Highway except in the improved facilities.

D) Geertsen Bay off of Highway 166 on the northeast side of the reservoir will have 0.1 miles of access road rebuilt and a new gravel parking area for 25 cars. Rehabilitate or replace the old toilet building to meet modern standards.

E) Spring Creek will have an improved parking lot and access for fishing. Build a fifteen car parking lot in the adjacent field to the south of the highway. Install a gate system to close the area after 10 PM. Install a new unisex one room toilet.

F) Bureau of Reclamation parking for twenty cars on the west shore will be re-graveled and improved with barriers and landscaping. The existing toilet will be replaced or rebuilt with a modern two unit design.

G) Construct facilities for physically challenged fishing across the main road from Bluff Marina on the abandoned cement roadway, within Anderson Cove Campground or the associated expansion area, at the Bureau of Reclamation parking site north of the Yacht Club, and at Brogonje fishing access. The standard and level of accessibility will vary at each site based on the overall cost and appropriate development scale on adjacent shoreline.

6. Port Ramp Marina: Widen Port Ramp entry road, build another driveway and improve the overflow lot.

Widen the width of the entry road with paving. The extra width would then be used to stage boats for launching (in). Build another driveway at the north end of the parking near the overflow lot. This driveway will be wide enough for staging boats preparing for highway travel (out). New signs, pavement striping, gates and repositioning of the entry fee station will need to be included. Resurface the gravel overflow for paving in the future and install parking control barriers along the edges.

7. Windy Point Day-use: Build a parking lot at Windy Point and improve the entry road and beach.

Rebuild the existing road to Windy Point and construct a new day-use facility. This site will be designed for wind surfing access including a developed beach. The parking lot will be designed for 35 cars and be paved. The site will be added to the concessionaire permit and an appropriate fee for parking will be charged. A new fully accessible toilet will be built. A system of entry gates, tire rippers and parking barriers will be installed to close the facility at 10 PM. The concessionaire will be allowed to provide a limited amount of services appropriate for this type of use such as rentals and some supplies.

C. Trails

1. Pineview Trail: Design and build portions of a high standard trail around the shoreline of Pineview.

Build a very high standard trail on sections of the shoreline. This standard of trail will be a compacted gravel surface, 4-8' tread, a 0-10% slope and turnouts two foot wide and five feet long where needed. The purpose of the trail is to allow greater access by foot and bicycle over a larger portion of the trail system at Pineview. This trail will be nearly fully accessible to physically challenged users. Where the trail cannot fit the designed standard, typically because of terrain (steep shoreline bank) or width of National Forest land, the trail may be located to the State or County Highways. An example of this is crossing Geertsen Bay or the Middle Fork of the Ogden River where the highway is the only crossing. The long range goal will be to have a high standard trail around most of the reservoir.

Priority location of the trail will be:

A) along the west shore from the North Arm Trail head to Pineview Trail head where multiple use by horse, bike, and foot travel is expected because of easy access points and the day-use from Port Ramp and Pineview Trailhead.

B) along the east shore from Bluffs Marina, south of Huntsville, to Anderson Cove Campground. This is expected to have a very high number of visitors walking for pleasure and exercise, local (Huntsville) residents and their children, and use by physically Challenged recreationists. The design will be for foot and bike travel.

C) along the shore from either North Arm Trailhead or the end of 5900 East, Browning Point, to where Highway 166 crosses Geertsen Bay. A small five car gravel parking lot will be built next to the highway where the trail intersects the road. A bridge may be needed to cross one major side drainage.

D) between Middle Inlet Beach and Spring Creek fisherman parking. This will reduce the soil erosion from user created trails.

Establish a standard of administration and security patrols to ensure a quality experience commensurate with the recreation expectations of this trail.

D. Vegetation Management

1. Wildlife Habitat Improvements: Projects to improve wildlife habitat.

Treat approximately 120 acres per year at select spots around Pineview with prescribed fire or mechanical treatments (mow or cut). Increase the number of nesting platforms for geese in the shallow shoreline areas in the North Arm, Geertsen Bay, and South Arm. Rejuvenate the natural vegetation of select shoreline sections with emphasis on wildlife habitat improvements through planting and seeding. Create additional habitat for waterfowl and fish through constructed ponds (pot holes), fish habitat structures, or clearing travel routes through thick patches of vegetation in North Arm, Geertsen Bay, and South Arm.

2. Noxious Weeds: Projects to control the spread of noxious weeds.

Areas of the shoreline with noxious weeds will be aggressively treated with fire, chemicals, or mechanical techniques to encourage native plant growth and reduce noxious weeds. Seeding will be done to ensure the final composition of plant species better meets natural conditions. These treatments will be a part of the approximately 120 acres per year listed in wildlife habitat improvements Fields near Anderson Cove, Pineview Trailhead, and Cemetery Point will have spot treatment with chemicals to eliminate weeds. Rusts and insects will continue to be used as natural methods to reduce weeds.

2.3.5 Alternative 4: Emphasis on Maximum Shoreline Protection and Reduced Recreation use

This alternative will minimize human impacts by providing less recreation facilities and more protection of the shoreline from future developments. The overall management will be less intensive than other alternatives. An effort to preserve a rural setting will be the main objective.

A. Management of Pineview

1. Boat Capacity: Reduce the number of motorized vessels on the reservoir as the water level drops.

This alternative is based on limiting the number of vessels at one time to increase public safety and reduce the impacts to the reservoir resources, both natural and human. This proposal emphasis is on maintaining a higher acre per boat average.

Water

Level

Boats

Yacht

Club

Surface

Acres

4900

325

25

2,874

4890

300

20

2,538

4880

250

15

2,092

4870

200

10

1,710

4860

150

5

1,329

4850

100

5

970

2. Surface Zones: Extend the "wakeless" areas to make safer swimming areas and protect sections of the shoreline for wildlife use.

This alternative is based on a greater need to protect shorelines from boating than just in the swimming areas. It is based on recommendations from the local citizens for wildlife habitat protection and Division of Wildlife Resources to provide quality fishing experiences. It also is a part of the planning effort to designate sections of the shoreline as levels of "undeveloped".

A) Spring Creek Cove just north of Huntsville Zone will be designated as "Wakeless Speed" to improve the fishing experience and protect the shoreline resources.

B) Anderson Cove Campground would have a wakeless area along the entire shoreline adjacent to the facility, including the Anderson B site. The "no boat" zone in the small bay will remain.

C) Zone a "no motorized boat" area at the mouth of the Middle Fork of the Ogden River as it enters Pineview and Geertsen Bay.

3. Shoreline Policies and Regulations: Modify the policy on snowmobile use.

The Travel Management Plan closes the reservoir to wheel to ground ATV's year round but no closure of snowmobiles. Change the Travel Management Plan to eliminate the use of snowmobiles on National Forest around Pineview.

4. Anderson Cove Expansion: Retain the existing Campground/Marina/Swim Beach Concession Permit and reduce the effects from Anderson Cove Campground.

This proposal will retain the existing situation of the concession permit and developments at Anderson Cove as in Alternative 1, the No Action Alternative. It also includes efforts to restore and rehabilitate the 10-acre area known as Anderson B to a natural condition beginning immediately. Enforce public use restrictions in the area and increase information education to limit human use of the area. Use will be concentrated in the existing Anderson Cove Campground.

5. Undeveloped Natural Areas: Designate large portions of the shoreline as undeveloped Natural Areas.

Identify protective designations of broad portions of the shoreline based on existing facilities, size of the National Forest land between the shore and private land, and common natural resource values. Emphasize protection of natural systems by expanding the acres in the undeveloped natural area zones. This range will go from maximum protection from development of any type by the Forest Service to a minimum protection level where an existing recreation facility warrants management actions which may include modified facilities within the limits of the designated shoreline zone. Criteria will be based on strategic planning and current situations with an emphasis of promoting natural areas for wildlife.

The entire shoreline will be given a designation. Developed designation will occupy 6.28 miles of the 28.33 total miles of shoreline. Transition between developed and undeveloped will be 4.75 miles of shoreline. Undeveloped shoreline designation will be used on 17.3 miles of shoreline.

B. Facility Improvements

1. Anderson Cove Day-use: Anderson Cove Day-use parking and beach

Maintain the existing overflow area and promote day-use beach access and overflow during peak use dates. Develop a hardened trail along the beach to concentrate traffic. The beach, waterlines, and secondary water systems will be maintained to keep operational. The toilet will be upgraded or replaced. These efforts will be structured to improve the current human uses and reduce the potential for impacts to the adjacent natural areas. Signs will be used to encourage users to restrict their beach activities to the hardened developed facilities.

2. Bluff Marina Parking: Limited improvements to Bluff Marina parking lot, replace the toilet, and improve the convenience docks.

This will be similar as described in Alternative 1, the No Action Alternative but with an emphasis on heavy maintenance and repair. Remodel or replace the existing toilet to make it more usable by the public. This may be located in a different site closer to the edge of the parking lot. Retain the existing gravel lot. Replace the existing courtesy docks with commercially manufactured systems to make them easier and safer to use.

Change the location of the entry station to the main road combined with the swim beach fee station to be more efficient in operating the entry stations to Bluffs. Gates, a fee station and a turn around will be constructed on the main road in an existing wide spot. The traffic flow from the marina to the swim beach may need to be changed to allow unrestricted access by citizens to the cemetery. This would require a 700 foot connecting road from the marina parking to the swim beach parking lots.

3. Bluff Marina Cove: Reduce impacts to the cove from fishing and marina users.

Minimal modifications to the bay to protect the small areas of fish and wildlife habitat. The goal will be to provide quality fishing (see Facility Improvement B-6-F). Remove any stored equipment from the bay and administratively prevent future storage in the bay. This is similar to the project in the No Action Alternative.

4. Parking around the Reservoir: Designate parking at selected locations around Pineview for use as overlooks, fishing access, and general use.

Improve half of the existing highway side parking spots with gravel if necessary for safety and resource protection. Install information, interpretive and regulatory signs at these access areas to clearly identify user and resource protection regulations with an emphasis on information about the needs of wildlife and fisheries protection.

5. Non-motorized Boat and Fishing Access: Non-motorized boat launch improvements, general fishing access improvements and physically challenged fishing facilities at selected locations around the reservoir.

Repair selected existing undeveloped access sites around the reservoir to reduce their impacts. No brand new developments will occur. Eliminate, rehabilitate, or restore access points that have some existing use.

A) Designate parking and access for launching, fishing and swimming at Quist Beach just south of Middle Inlet Swim Area. Improve the ten car parking area with gravel to make it safer to enter the highway and minimize resource impacts. Restrict parking along the State Highway 166.

B) Brogonje Point, the end of 5900 East on Browning Point, the road and toilet at Geertsen Bay, and the roadside parking at Spring Cove will be phased out and eliminated as designated parking areas. It will be impossible to stop all parking at these locations but new restrictions and parking barriers will be used to limit use. The parking along the main roads will be coordinated with Weber County.

6. Port Ramp Marina: Keep Port Ramp entry road and the overflow lot at current operating level.

Keep the entry road in its current size and operation. Maintain the conditions of the paving and gate system. Improve the signs and pavement striping. Rehabilitate the gravel overflow area This is the same as the No Action Alternative.

7. Windy Point Day-use: Rehabilitate shore access at Windy Point.

New facilities at Windy Point will not be constructed. Leave the peninsula in it's natural condition. Rehabilitate the roadway by ripping, removing and mixing the asphalt rotomill to allow vegetation to grow over the roadway. Restrict recreation use to the existing access points.

C. Trails

1. Pineview Trail: Design and build portions of a trail around the shoreline of Pineview.

Build a low standard trail on sections of the shoreline around Pineview. Restrict use of this trail by horses. Discourage biking but don't restrict. The trail will be a natural (dirt) surface with a 12-24 inch tread and a 0-30% slope. The trail will only be located where resource impacts can be mitigated.

The decision of where trail will be built will be based on criteria of: location in relation to designated undeveloped areas, current public use (demand), topography, terrain, vegetation class (wetland, trees, grass), width of National Forest land and proximity to roads, towns, homes. Where the trail will not fit the criteria, typically because of terrain (steep shoreline bank) or sensitive vegetation, the trail may be located to the State or County Highways but no new trail will be built.

This trail should reduce the impacts from individuals accessing the reservoir.

Proposed areas for a constructed trail tread are:

A) along the south shore of Huntsville from Bluffs Marina to Anderson Cove Campground. This will have mostly fishing and local residential use. It will tie the two developed facilities together by foot traffic.

B) along the west shore from North Arm Trail head to the Pineview Trail head. This will link together the existing facilities and concentrate fishing traffic to a single trail.

Sections of the trail, where the grade, vegetation, existing access, and planned development level allow, will be built with motorized equipment such as small dozers, farm tractors, or small track hoe. On trail sections where heavy equipment will not be used, the trail will be built using typical work crews consisting of Forest Service employees, volunteers from the local community, at-risk youth crews, and contract trail construction crews.

It will be necessary to establish a standard of administration and security patrols to ensure resource protection and a quality recreation experience, especially near Huntsville.

D. Vegetation Management

1. Wildlife Habitat Improvements: Projects to improve wildlife habitat.

An increased effort to improve the wildlife habitat in the undeveloped natural areas of shoreline will be done. Where needed, planting of native riparian vegetation like Willows will be done to increase hiding cover and forage. Most of the past habitat improvements have been done in the North Arm of the reservoir but Geertsen Bay has projects identified to improve bald eagle roosting. There are a number of nesting platforms for geese in the shallow shoreline. These will be increased where appropriate and all stands maintained to allow continued use by geese. Burning or mechanical treatments will be used to improve vegetation composition on approximately 40 acres per year. This has been done in the North Arm Wildlife Viewing area to promote plant species for better wildlife habitat.

2. Noxious Weeds: Projects to control the spread of noxious weeds.

Identify high priority areas for management activities to convert the plant composition to a natural condition with less noxious weeds. This will be included in the 40 acres per year of burning or mechanical treatments. Fields near Anderson Cove, Pineview Trailhead, and Cemetery Point have had spot treatment with chemicals to reduce weeds. This will continue using EPA approved chemicals. A rust that lives on Dyers Woad was released in a number of locations around Pineview to naturally reduce the weed. Insects were released to target leafy spurge, a species of noxious weeds. These biological techniques will continue.

2.4 MITIGATION MEASURES AND MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS

The following monitoring and mitigation will be included as part of all action alternatives analyzed, including projects common to all alternatives.

A. Management of Pineview

The number of boats launched will be counted on a daily basis during the peak use season from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day weekend, to determine when capacity is reached for the chosen alternative. The count will include boats, personal water craft, and boats in wet storage launching from Port Ramp, the Bluffs Marina Ramp, and the Ogden Yacht Club and, trailers in Anderson Cove and the marina parking lots.

Sailboards, kayaks, rafts, canoes and other non-motorized vessel use, except sailboating, will not be counted in the calculations for vessel capacity. These uses typically occur in the wakeless speed areas where conflicts with motorized use are minimal. The Forest Service will monitor non-motorized use and take additional action as needed.

When the reservoir reaches capacity, vehicles and vessels will be staged on ramp access roads. When the reservoir is at capacity, as a vessel loads and leaves the reservoir the next party will be allowed to launch. If vehicles back up to the main roads, parking barriers will be placed to close access to the ramps. These barriers will be removed when parking becomes available. Vehicles arriving after this time would need to drive to the nearest parking area to either wait for an opening or leave for a different area. Limit the congestion on the main highways.

Marked buoys clearly defining the types of use for all zoned areas will be established.

The Forest Service will work with Weber County and the State of Utah to create the necessary legal statutes to mimic Forest Service resource protection regulations.

Expand the payments to Weber County Sheriff and emergency services from either Forest Service appropriated funds and/or require the campground concessionaire to make a payment directly to local public service agencies equal to a pre-determined percentage of the fees collected at recreation facilities at Pineview.

Through written agreements, make the Forest Service power boat available to other local law enforcement or emergency services agencies.

Include all new and upgraded facilities to the patrol schedule by Weber County Sheriff deputies and Forest Service Law Enforcement personnel.

Request the fenced boundary between private and National Forest be re-surveyed and marked when development plans are submitted to Weber County Planning.

Create and post signs and maps showing the designated level of protection determined for sections of shoreline. Include a description of the designation with appropriate suggestions on how people should act to protect the shoreline resources.

Information and regulatory signing will be designed to be easily understood by the greatest number of people. This may include some Spanish translations. Universal symbols will be used where appropriate to ease understanding by international visitors.

B. Facility Improvements

All improvements and operations of existing recreation facilities will meet the social setting appropriate for the types and patterns of recreation use at Pineview. This will be predisposed toward the urban level with cement pads, metal tables, and mown lawns. It will allow a high level of physically challenged access to Forest Service recreation facilities.

Facilities that in the past have been maintained by the Forest Service and are free to the public will be added to the maintenance requirements of the permitted concessionaire. These will remain free of charge unless substantial new services of a commercial nature are provided by the concessionaire.

C. Trails

No trails will be constructed immediately adjacent to the high water line of the reservoir. A buffer of some vegetation will remain in place at all time.

No drainage of water from the trail will be allowed to divert directly into the reservoir. Sediment traps will be used if there is a possibility of reaching the water. If imported gravel is washed off the trail tread, it will be salvaged annually as a part of the maintenance.

Trail construction will follow alignments that least impact existing vegetation especially any riparian types. The appropriate permits and approvals will be required if any riparian area is effected. Bridges will be used to cross critical wetland and riparian areas.

D. Vegetation Management

Any treatments of the shoreline by chemical weed killers will follow existing requirements for protection of nearby water sources and will not be used if these requirements cannot be met.

Any treatment of the shoreline by fire will have requirements to minimize impact to the water including use of chemical wetting agents if needed to control the fire.

E. Wildlife

No construction between October 1 and March 31 of each year on the south shore of Huntsville east of Bluffs Cove to Anderson Cove Campground, Middle Inlet Beach, North Arm, and Geertsen Bay to remove the impact to roosting bald eagle.

Bald eagle counts will be conducted annually and observations of changes in movements monitored and evaluated to determine the effects of the projects on the species. The results of the monitoring and evaluations will be used to determine the need to modify human use patterns or close the areas to human use during the time bald eagles are present.

If further structured activities, such as trail grooming for cross country skiing, are proposed in the future, further consideration with the FWS will be required.

Work with the UDWR to determine areas where cottonwoods will be planted, to be used as replacement roost trees for the future. This item will be added to the vegetation portion of the overall proposal for the project area.